Installing Java on Linux

2 minute read

Java, a widely-used programming language renowned for its versatility, is a necessity for many applications, from web services to enterprise software. This tutorial will guide you through the process of installing Java on a Linux system, ensuring a smooth setup for Java-based applications.


Java plays a crucial role in modern computing, powering various software applications across different platforms. Installing Java on a Linux system is essential for users and developers alike to leverage Java-based tools and applications effectively.

Checking Java Installation

Before proceeding with the installation, it’s prudent to check if Java is already installed on your Linux system. Open a terminal and enter the following command:

java -version

This command will display the installed Java version if it exists; otherwise, it will prompt you to install Java.

Downloading Java

To install Java on your Linux system, visit the official Java website to find the latest version compatible with your distribution. Here are the official download links for Java on Linux:

Choose the appropriate version based on your requirements and system compatibility.

Installing Java

Once you’ve downloaded the Java package, proceed with the installation. Open a terminal and navigate to the directory where the package is saved. Use the following command to install Java:

sudo apt install openjdk-11-jdk

Replace “openjdk-11-jdk” with the package name you downloaded. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation.

Setting Java Environment Variables

After installing Java, set up the environment variables to ensure smooth operation of Java applications. Configure the PATH variable by entering the following command:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin

Adjust the path according to your Java installation directory. Next, set the JAVA_HOME variable:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64

Ensure the path matches your Java installation directory.

Testing Java Installation

To confirm that Java is installed correctly, run the following command in the terminal:

java -version

This command should display the installed Java version. You can also compile and run a simple Java program to further test the installation.


If you encounter any issues during installation, consult the official documentation for your Linux distribution or seek assistance from online forums and communities. Common issues include dependency errors or compatibility issues with other software.


In conclusion, installing Java on a Linux system is essential for utilizing Java-based applications efficiently. By following this step-by-step guide, you can seamlessly set up Java on your Linux machine and explore its myriad possibilities.


1. Can Java be installed on any Linux distribution?

Yes, Java is compatible with most Linux distributions. However, installation methods may vary.

2. Do I need administrative privileges to install Java on Linux?

Yes, administrative privileges are required to install Java using the terminal. Use the “sudo” command to gain temporary administrative rights.

3. Is it possible to install multiple Java versions on Linux?

Yes, multiple Java versions can be installed concurrently. Carefully manage environment variables to select the desired version.

4. Are environment variables necessary after Java installation?

While not mandatory, configuring environment variables ensures smooth functioning of Java applications on Linux.

5. How can Java be uninstalled from a Linux system if needed?

Java can be uninstalled using the package manager or by manually removing the installation directory. Refer to your distribution’s documentation for guidance.